Acute pharyngitis, BMJ Best Practice
Lenke: Acute pharyngitis, BMJ Best Practice
Acute pharyngitis is characterised by acute onset of sore throat; the absence of cough, nasal congestion and discharge suggests a bacterial aetiology.
Rapid antigen detection tests allow immediate point-of-care assessment of group A Streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis. However, nucleic acid amplification (via polymerase chain reaction) testing for GAS is becoming more common and is comparable to throat culture in sensitivity and specificity but is more rapid.
The goal of treatment of GAS is to prevent acute rheumatic fever, reduce the severity and duration of symptoms, and prevent transmission.